Yashar Kalani

Education

  • MD, Stanford Medical School
  • PhD, California Institute of Technology
  • MS, California Institute of Technology
  • BS, University of California Los Angeles

Primary Appointment

  • Associate Professor, Neurological Surgery

Contact

Research Interest(s)

Stem cell biology, regenerative medicine, stroke, Wnt signaling, neurogenesis, vasculogenesis, angiogenesis

Research Description

Central Nervous System Development and Regeneration, Central Nervous System Tumors, Extracellular RNAs (ex-RNAs) as Signaling Molecules and Biomarkers in Development and Disease, Stem Cell Biology, Vascular Development, Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations, Cerebral Aneurysms, Stroke

Selected Publications

  • Eli I, Gamboa N, Joyce E, Park M, Taussky P, Schmidt R, Couldwell W, McDonald J, Whitehead K, Kalani M. Clinical presentation and treatment paradigms in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and spinal vascular malformations. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 2018. PMID: 29398197
  • Ilyas A, Chen C, Ding D, Foreman P, Buell T, Ironside N, Taylor D, Kalani M, Park M, Southerland A, Worrall B. Endovascular Mechanical Thrombectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke under General Anesthesia versus Conscious Sedation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. World neurosurgery. 2018. PMID: 29355808
  • Ilyas A, Chen C, Ding D, Romeo A, Buell T, Wang T, Kalani M, Park M. Magnetic resonance-guided, high-intensity focused ultrasound sonolysis: potential applications for stroke. Neurosurgical focus. 2018;44(2): E12. PMID: 29385918
  • Kalani M, Spetzler R. Combined Endovascular and Microsurgical Treatment of a Premotor Arteriovenous Malformation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.). 2018. PMID: 29346607
  • Kalani M, Yagmurlu K, Martirosyan N, Nakaji P. Keyhole Contralateral Interhemispheric Endoscopic-Assisted Resection of an Ependymoma of the Third Ventricle. Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.). 2018;14(2): 203. PMID: 29351681
  • Awad A, Moon K, Yoon N, Mazur M, Kalani M, Taussky P, McDougall C, Albuquerque F, Park M. Flow diversion of tandem cerebral aneurysms: a multi-institutional retrospective study. Neurosurgical focus. 2017;42(6): E10. PMID: 28565979
  • Baranoski J, Kalani M, Przybylowski C, Zabramski J. Corrigendum: Cerebral Cavernous Malformations: Review of the Genetic and Protein-Protein Interactions Resulting in Disease Pathogenesis. Frontiers in surgery. 2017;4 31. PMID: 28721350 | PMCID: PMC5513895
  • Bozkurt B, Kalani M, Yağmurlu K, Belykh E, Preul M, Nakaji P, Spetzler R. Low retrosigmoid infratonsillar approach to lateral medullary lesions. World neurosurgery. 2017. PMID: 29258935
  • Fennell V, Martirosyan N, Atwal G, Kalani M, Ponce F, Lemole G, Dumont T, Spetzler R. Hemodynamics Associated With Intracerebral Arteriovenous Malformations: The Effects of Treatment Modalities. Neurosurgery. 2017. PMID: 29267943
  • Gamboa N, Taussky P, Park M, Couldwell W, Mahan M, Kalani M. Neurovascular patterning cues and implications for central and peripheral neurological disease. Surgical neurology international. 2017;8 208. PMID: 28966815 | PMCID: PMC5609400
  • Kalani M, Theodore N. Editorial: Personalized Medicine and Neurosurgery. Frontiers in surgery. 2017;4 19. PMID: 28443286 | PMCID: PMC5385455
  • Kalani M, Wanebo J, Martirosyan N, Nakaji P, Zabramski J, Spetzler R. A raised bar for aneurysm surgery in the endovascular era. Journal of neurosurgery. 2017;126(5): 1731-1739. PMID: 28298029
  • Kalani M, Yagmurlu K, Martirosyan N, Spetzler R. Transsylvian, Transanterior Sulcus Approach to Basal Ganglia Cavernous Malformations. Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.). 2017;13(6): 756. PMID: 28541482
  • Kalani M, Yağmurlu K, Spetzler R. The interpeduncular fossa approach for resection of ventromedial midbrain lesions. Journal of neurosurgery. 2017; 1-6. PMID: 28298049
  • Karsy M, Brock A, Guan J, Taussky P, Kalani M, Park M. Neuroprotective strategies and the underlying molecular basis of cerebrovascular stroke. Neurosurgical focus. 2017;42(4): E3. PMID: 28366066
  • Kilburg C, Scott McNally J, de Havenon A, Taussky P, Kalani M, Park M. Advanced imaging in acute ischemic stroke. Neurosurgical focus. 2017;42(4): E10. PMID: 28366054
  • Kilburg C, Taussky P, Kalani M, Park M. Novel use of flow diversion for the treatment of aneurysms associated with arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgical focus. 2017;42(6): E7. PMID: 28565984
  • Martirosyan N, Georges J, Kalani M, Nakaji P, Spetzler R, Feuerstein B, Preul M. Handheld confocal laser endomicroscopic imaging utilizing tumor-specific fluorescent labeling to identify experimental glioma cells in vivo. Surgical neurology international. 2017;7 S995-S1003. PMID: 28144472 | PMCID: PMC5234279
  • Martirosyan N, Patel A, Carotenuto A, Kalani M, Bohl M, Preul M, Theodore N. The role of therapeutic hypothermia in the management of acute spinal cord injury. Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 2017;154 79-88. PMID: 28131967
  • Martirosyan N, Turner G, Kaufman J, Patel A, Belykh E, Kalani M, Theodore N, Preul M. Manganese-enhanced MRI Offers Correlation with Severity of Spinal Cord Injury in Experimental Models. The open neuroimaging journal. 2017;10 139-147. PMID: 28144384 | PMCID: PMC5226969
  • Mendes G, Kalani M, Iosif C, Lucena A, Carvalho R, Saleme S, Mounayer C. Transvenous Curative Embolization of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations: A Prospective Cohort Study. Neurosurgery. 2017. PMID: 29281075
  • Mulholland C, Kalani M, Albuquerque F. Endovascular management of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas. Handbook of clinical neurology. 2017;143 117-123. PMID: 28552133
  • Rao A, Shah S, Sim B, Yun S, Jain N, Kalani Y, Francis I. Neuroradiological Endovascular Intervention for Diplopia in a Case of Aneurysmal Aberrant Regeneration of the Third Nerve. Cureus. 2017;9(6): e1340. PMID: 28706764 | PMCID: PMC5507761
  • Safavi-Abbasi S, Kalani M, Frock B, Sun H, Yagmurlu K, Moron F, Snyder L, Hlubek R, Zabramski J, Nakaji P, Spetzler R. Techniques and outcomes of microsurgical management of ruptured and unruptured fusiform cerebral aneurysms. Journal of neurosurgery. 2017;127(6): 1353-1360. PMID: 28186451
  • Saugstad J, Lusardi T, Van Keuren-Jensen K, Phillips J, Lind B, Harrington C, McFarland T, Courtright A, Reiman R, Yeri A, Kalani M, Adelson P, Arango J, Nolan J, Duggan E, Messer K, Akers J, Galasko D, Quinn J, Carter B, Hochberg F. Analysis of extracellular RNA in cerebrospinal fluid. Journal of extracellular vesicles. 2017;6(1): 1317577. PMID: 28717417 | PMCID: PMC5505019
  • Taylor L, Dickerson J, Dambrino R, Kalani M, Taussky P, Washington C, Park M. Platelet testing in flow diversion: a review of the evidence. Neurosurgical focus. 2017;42(6): E5. PMID: 28565991
  • Tvrdik P, Kalani M. In Vivo Imaging of Microglial Calcium Signaling in Brain Inflammation and Injury. International journal of molecular sciences. 2017;18(11). PMID: 29117112 | PMCID: PMC5713335
  • Walker C, Kalani M, Oppenlander M, Godzik J, Martirosyan N, Standerfer R, Theodore N. Circumferential dural resection technique and reconstruction for the removal of giant calcified transdural herniated thoracic discs. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 2017;28(2): 167-172. PMID: 29192875
  • Winkler E, Rutledge W, Kalani M, Rolston J. Pericytes Regulate Cerebral Blood Flow and Neuronal Health at a Capillary Level. Neurosurgery. 2017;81(5): N37-N38. PMID: 29088471
  • Xu D, Levitt M, Kalani M, Rangel-Castilla L, Mulholland C, Abecassis I, Morton R, Nerva J, Siddiqui A, Levy E, Spetzler R, Albuquerque F, McDougall C. Dolichoectatic aneurysms of the vertebrobasilar system: clinical and radiographic factors that predict poor outcomes. Journal of neurosurgery. 2017;128(2): 560-566. PMID: 28387624
  • Yağmurlu K, Kalani M, Chaddad-Neto F, Cevik O, Bozkurt B, Belykh E, Doria-Netto H, Grande A, Preul M, Spetzler R. Anterior temporal artery to posterior cerebral artery bypass for revascularization of the posterior circulation: An anatomical study. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 2017;47 337-340. PMID: 29110993
  • Yağmurlu K, Kalani M, Martirosyan N, Safavi-Abbasi S, Belykh E, Laarakker A, Nakaji P, Zabramski J, Preul M, Spetzler R. Maxillary Artery to Middle Cerebral Artery Bypass: A Novel Technique for Exposure of the Maxillary Artery. World neurosurgery. 2017;100 540-550. PMID: 28089839
  • Yağmurlu K, Zaidi H, Kalani M, Rhoton A, Preul M, Spetzler R. Anterior interhemispheric transsplenial approach to pineal region tumors: anatomical study and illustrative case. Journal of neurosurgery. 2017;128(1): 182-192. PMID: 28084911
  • Yoon N, Awad A, Kalani M, Taussky P, Park M. Stent technology in ischemic stroke. Neurosurgical focus. 2017;42(4): E11. PMID: 28366059
  • Intraoperative Motor-Evoked Potential Monitoring as a Predictive Tool for Recovery From Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage. World neurosurgery. 2016;92 546-7. PMID: 27184899
  • Almefty R, Kalani M, Ducruet A, Crowley R, McDougall C, Albuquerque F. Middle meningeal arteriovenous fistulas: A rare and potentially high-risk dural arteriovenous fistula. Surgical neurology international. 2016;7 S219-22. PMID: 27127711 | PMCID: PMC4828950
  • Baranoski J, Kalani M, Przybylowski C, Zabramski J. Cerebral Cavernous Malformations: Review of the Genetic and Protein-Protein Interactions Resulting in Disease Pathogenesis. Frontiers in surgery. 2016;3 60. PMID: 27896269 | PMCID: PMC5107910
  • Boroumand M, Kalani M, Spetzler R. Combined endovascular and microsurgical treatment of a complex spinal arteriovenous fistula associated with CLOVES syndrome in an adult patient. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 2016;34 232-234. PMID: 27729180
  • Chen T, Kalani M, Ducruet A, Albuquerque F, McDougall C. Development of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) after Onyx embolisation of a cavernous carotid fistula. BMJ case reports. 2016;2016. PMID: 27001597
  • Chen T, Kalani M, Ducruet A, Albuquerque F, McDougall C. Development of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) after Onyx embolisation of a cavernous carotid fistula. Journal of neurointerventional surgery. 2016;9(1): e3. PMID: 27013230
  • Fennell V, Kalani M, Atwal G, Martirosyan N, Spetzler R. Biology of Saccular Cerebral Aneurysms: A Review of Current Understanding and Future Directions. Frontiers in surgery. 2016;3 43. PMID: 27504449 | PMCID: PMC4958945
  • Fennell V, Martirosyan N, Atwal G, Kalani M, Spetzler R, Lemole G, Dumont T. Effective Surgical Management of Competitive Venous Outflow Restriction After Radiosurgery for Cerebral AVMs: Report of 2 Cases. World neurosurgery. 2016;98 882.e1-882.e7. PMID: 27838427
  • Gross B, Moon K, Kalani M, Albuquerque F, McDougall C, Nakaji P, Zabramski J, Spetzler R. Clinical and Anatomic Insights From a Series of Ethmoidal Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas at Barrow Neurological Institute. World neurosurgery. 2016;93 94-9. PMID: 27241099
  • Kalani M, Lei T, Martirosyan N, Oppenlander M, Spetzler R, Nakaji P. Endoscope-assisted supracerebellar transtentorial approach to the posterior medial temporal lobe for resection of cavernous malformation. Neurosurgical focus. 2016;40 2016.1.FocusVid.15465. PMID: 26722685
  • Kalani M, Martirosyan N, Nakaji P, Spetzler R. The supracerebellar infratentorial approach to the dorsal midbrain. Neurosurgical focus. 2016;40 2016.1.FocusVid.15462. PMID: 26722694
  • Kalani M, Spetzler R. Woman With Sudden-Onset Headache. Annals of emergency medicine. 2016;68(3): e69-70. PMID: 27568452
  • Kalani M, Spetzler R, Wanebo J. Keyhole Supraorbital Craniotomy for Aneurysm Clipping in the Setting of Bypass for Moyamoya Disease. World neurosurgery. 2016;94 442-446. PMID: 27436206
  • Kalani M, Yagmurlu K, Martirosyan N, Cavalcanti D, Spetzler R. Approach selection for intrinsic brainstem pathologies. Journal of neurosurgery. 2016;125(6): 1596-1607. PMID: 27662530
  • Kalani M, Zabramski J, Martirosyan N, Spetzler R. Developmental venous anomaly, capillary telangiectasia, cavernous malformation, and arteriovenous malformation: spectrum of a common pathological entity? Acta neurochirurgica. 2016;158(3): 547-50. PMID: 26743915
  • Levitt M, Hlubek R, Moon K, Kalani M, Nakaji P, Smith K, Little A, Knievel K, Chan J, McDougall C, Albuquerque F. Incidence and predictors of dural venous sinus pressure gradient in idiopathic intracranial hypertension and non-idiopathic intracranial hypertension headache patients: results from 164 cerebral venograms. Journal of neurosurgery. 2016;126(2): 347-353. PMID: 26967777
  • Levitt M, McGah P, Moon K, Albuquerque F, McDougall C, Kalani M, Kim L, Aliseda A. Computational Modeling of Venous Sinus Stenosis in Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. 2016. PMID: 27197986 | PMCID: PMC5116292
  • Martirosyan N, Carotenuto A, Patel A, Kalani M, Yagmurlu K, Lemole G, Preul M, Theodore N. The Role of microRNA Markers in the Diagnosis, Treatment, and Outcome Prediction of Spinal Cord Injury. Frontiers in surgery. 2016;3 56. PMID: 27878119 | PMCID: PMC5099153
  • Martirosyan N, Eschbacher J, Kalani M, Turner J, Belykh E, Spetzler R, Nakaji P, Preul M. Prospective evaluation of the utility of intraoperative confocal laser endomicroscopy in patients with brain neoplasms using fluorescein sodium: experience with 74 cases. Neurosurgical focus. 2016;40(3): E11. PMID: 26926051
  • Martirosyan N, Kalani M, Nakaji P, Spetzler R. The anterior interhemispheric approach to a third ventricular cavernous malformation. Neurosurgical focus. 2016;40 2016.1.FocusVid.15461. PMID: 26722693
  • Martirosyan N, Patel A, Carotenuto A, Kalani M, Belykh E, Walker C, Preul M, Theodore N. Genetic Alterations in Intervertebral Disc Disease. Frontiers in surgery. 2016;3 59. PMID: 27917384 | PMCID: PMC5116693
  • Safavi-Abbasi S, Moron F, Sun H, Oppenlander M, Kalani M, Mulholland C, Zabramski J, Nakaji P, Spetzler R. Techniques and long-term outcomes of cotton-clipping and cotton-augmentation strategies for management of cerebral aneurysms. Journal of neurosurgery. 2016;125(3): 720-9. PMID: 26771857
  • Wilson C, Safavi-Abbasi S, Sun H, Kalani M, Zhao Y, Levitt M, Hanel R, Sauvageau E, Mapstone T, Albuquerque F, McDougall C, Nakaji P, Spetzler R. Meta-analysis and systematic review of risk factors for shunt dependency after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Journal of neurosurgery. 2016;126(2): 586-595. PMID: 27035169
  • Yagmurlu K, Kalani M, Preul M, Spetzler R. The superior fovea triangle approach: a novel safe entry zone to the brainstem. Journal of neurosurgery. 2016;127(5): 1134-1138. PMID: 28009231
  • Yagmurlu K, Safavi-Abbasi S, Belykh E, Kalani M, Nakaji P, Rhoton A, Spetzler R, Preul M. Quantitative anatomical analysis and clinical experience with mini-pterional and mini-orbitozygomatic approaches for intracranial aneurysm surgery. Journal of neurosurgery. 2016;127(3): 646-659. PMID: 27858574
  • Cavalcanti D, Preul M, Kalani M, Spetzler R. Microsurgical anatomy of safe entry zones to the brainstem. Journal of neurosurgery. 2015;124(5): 1359-76. PMID: 26452114
  • Crowley R, Ducruet A, Kalani M, Kim L, Albuquerque F, McDougall C. Neurological morbidity and mortality associated with the endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations before and during the Onyx era. Journal of neurosurgery. 2015;122(6): 1492-7. PMID: 25816081
  • Elhadi A, Hardesty D, Zaidi H, Kalani M, Nakaji P, White W, Preul M, Little A. Evaluation of surgical freedom for microscopic and endoscopic transsphenoidal approaches to the sella. Neurosurgery. 2015;11 69-78; discussion 78-9. PMID: 25603103
  • Kalani M, Albuquerque F. Vascular Specification, Wnts, and Central Nervous System Lymphatics. World neurosurgery. 2015;84(4): 873-6. PMID: 26299266
  • Kalani M, Albuquerque F, Levitt M, Nakaji P, Spetzler R, McDougall C. Pipeline embolization for definitive endoluminal reconstruction of blister-type carotid aneurysms after clip wrapping. Journal of neurointerventional surgery. 2015;8(5): 495-500. PMID: 25854686
  • Kalani M, Cavallo C, Coons S, Lettieri S, Nakaji P, Porter R, Spetzler R, Feiz-Erfan I. Long-term follow-up of surgical resection of microcystic meningiomas. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 2015;22(4): 713-7. PMID: 25677877
  • Kalani M, Nakaji P, Zabramski J, Spetzler R. Surgical clipping of a large left middle cerebral artery aneurysm. Neurosurgical focus. 2015;38 Video13. PMID: 25554835
  • Kalani M, Nakaji P, Zabramski J, Spetzler R. Surgical clipping of a ruptured posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm. Neurosurgical focus. 2015;38 Video12. PMID: 25554834
  • Kalani M, Oppenlander M, Levitt M, Safavi-Abbasi S, Spetzler R, Zabramski J. Microsurgical clipping of an unruptured basilar apex aneurysm. Neurosurgical focus. 2015;38 Video10. PMID: 25554832
  • Kalani M, Siniard A, Corneveaux J, Bruhns R, Richholt R, Forseth J, Zabramski J, Nakaji P, Spetzler R, Huentelman M. Rare Variants in Cardiomyopathy Genes Associated With Stress-Induced Cardiomyopathy. Neurosurgery. 2015;78(6): 835-43. PMID: 26606670 | PMCID: PMC4871739
  • Kalani M, Spetzler R. Internal carotid artery-to-posterior cerebral artery bypass for revascularization of the brainstem. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 2015;24 151-4. PMID: 26412251
  • Kalani M, Wilson D, Koechlin N, Abuhusain H, Dlouhy B, Gunawardena M, Nozue-Okada K, Teo C. Pineal cyst resection in the absence of ventriculomegaly or Parinaud's syndrome: clinical outcomes and implications for patient selection. Journal of neurosurgery. 2015;123(2): 352-6. PMID: 25932610
  • Kalani M, Yagmurlu K, Martirosyan N, Spetzler R. The Retrosigmoid Petrosal Fissure Transpeduncular Approach to Central Pontine Lesions. World neurosurgery. 2015;87 235-41. PMID: 26615787
  • Laurent L, Abdel-Mageed A, Adelson P, Arango J, Balaj L, Breakefield X, Carlson E, Carter B, Majem B, Chen C, Cocucci E, Danielson K, Courtright A, Das S, Abd Elmageed Z, Enderle D, Ezrin A, Ferrer M, Freedman J, Galas D, Gandhi R, Huentelman M, Van Keuren-Jensen K, Kalani Y, Kim Y, Krichevsky A, Lai C, Lal-Nag M, Laurent C, Leonardo T, Li F, Malenica I, Mondal D, Nejad P, Patel T, Raffai R, Rubio R, Skog J, Spetzler R, Sun J, Tanriverdi K, Vickers K, Wang L, Wang Y, Wei Z, Weiner H, Wong D, Yan I, Yeri A, Gould S. Meeting report: discussions and preliminary findings on extracellular RNA measurement methods from laboratories in the NIH Extracellular RNA Communication Consortium. Journal of extracellular vesicles. 2015;4 26533. PMID: 26320937 | PMCID: PMC4553263
  • Levitt M, Albuquerque F, Ducruet A, Kalani M, Mulholland C, McDougall C. Venous sinus stenting for idiopathic intracranial hypertension is not associated with cortical venous occlusion. Journal of neurointerventional surgery. 2015;8(6): 594-5. PMID: 25854688
  • Levitt M, Moon K, Albuquerque F, Mulholland C, Kalani M, McDougall C. Intraprocedural abciximab bolus versus pretreatment oral dual antiplatelet medication for endovascular stenting of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Journal of neurointerventional surgery. 2015;8(9): 909-12. PMID: 26354945
  • Levitt M, Park M, Albuquerque F, Moon K, Kalani M, McDougall C. Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Patency after Flow-Diverting Stent Treatment. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. 2015;37(3): 487-9. PMID: 26427829
  • Martirosyan N, Kalani M, Bichard W, Baaj A, Gonzalez L, Preul M, Theodore N. Cerebrospinal fluid drainage and induced hypertension improve spinal cord perfusion after acute spinal cord injury in pigs. Neurosurgery. 2015;76(4): 461-8; discussion 468-9. PMID: 25621979
  • Martirosyan N, Kalani M, Lemole G, Spetzler R, Preul M, Theodore N. Microsurgical anatomy of the arterial basket of the conus medullaris. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 2015;22(6): 672-6. PMID: 25746117
  • Martirosyan N, Kalani M, Theodore N. In Reply: Intrathecal Pressure After Spinal Cord Injury. Neurosurgery. 2015;77(3): E500-1. PMID: 26111000
  • Moon K, Albuquerque F, Levitt M, Ahmed A, Kalani M, McDougall C. The myth of restenosis after carotid angioplasty and stenting. Journal of neurointerventional surgery. 2015;8(10): 1006-10. PMID: 26385787
  • Mooney M, Kalani M, Nakaji P, Albuquerque F, McDougall C, Spetzler R, Zabramski J. Long-term Patient Outcomes After Microsurgical Treatment of Blister-Like Aneurysms of the Basilar Artery. Neurosurgery. 2015;11 387-93. PMID: 26284349
  • Quinn J, Patel T, Wong D, Das S, Freedman J, Laurent L, Carter B, Hochberg F, Van Keuren-Jensen K, Huentelman M, Spetzler R, Kalani M, Arango J, Adelson P, Weiner H, Gandhi R, Goilav B, Putterman C, Saugstad J. Extracellular RNAs: development as biomarkers of human disease. Journal of extracellular vesicles. 2015;4 27495. PMID: 26320940 | PMCID: PMC4553262
  • Russin J, Rangel-Castilla L, Kalani M, Spetzler R. Surgical management, outcomes, and recurrence rate of orbital lymphangiomas. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 2015;22(5): 877-82. PMID: 25796957
  • Safavi-Abbasi S, Sun H, Oppenlander M, Nakaji P, Kalani M, Zabramski J, Spetzler R. Repair of intraoperative aneurysm neck tear utilizing the cotton-clipping technique. Neurosurgical focus. 2015;38 Video14. PMID: 25554836
  • Zabramski J, Kalani M, Filippidis A, Spetzler R. Propranolol Treatment of Cavernous Malformations with Symptomatic Hemorrhage. World neurosurgery. 2015;88 631-9. PMID: 26578351
  • Zaidi H, Kalani M, Spetzler R, McDougall C, Albuquerque F. Multimodal treatment strategies for complex pediatric cerebral arteriovenous fistulas: contemporary case series at Barrow Neurological Institute. Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics. 2015;15(6): 615-24. PMID: 25815632
  • Elhadi A, Almefty K, Mendes G, Kalani M, Nakaji P, Dru A, Preul M, Little A. Comparison of surgical freedom and area of exposure in three endoscopic transmaxillary approaches to the anterolateral cranial base. Journal of neurological surgery. Part B, Skull base. 2014;75(5): 346-53. PMID: 25276600 | PMCID: PMC4176538
  • Georges J, Zehri A, Carlson E, Nichols J, Mooney M, Martirosyan N, Ghaffari L, Kalani M, Eschbacher J, Feuerstein B, Anderson T, Preul M, Van Keuren-Jensen K, Nakaji P. Label-free microscopic assessment of glioblastoma biopsy specimens prior to biobanking [corrected]. Neurosurgical focus. 2014;36(2): E8. PMID: 24484261
  • Kalani M, Elhadi A, Ramey W, Nakaji P, Albuquerque F, McDougall C, Zabramski J, Spetzler R. Revascularization and pediatric aneurysm surgery. Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics. 2014;13(6): 641-6. PMID: 24745343
  • Kalani M, Ramey W, Albuquerque F, McDougall C, Nakaji P, Zabramski J, Spetzler R. Revascularization and aneurysm surgery: techniques, indications, and outcomes in the endovascular era. Neurosurgery. 2014;74(5): 482-97; discussion 497-8. PMID: 24521611
  • Kalani M, Rangel-Castilla L, Ramey W, Nakaji P, Albuquerque F, McDougall C, Spetzler R, Zabramski J. Indications and results of direct cerebral revascularization in the modern era. World neurosurgery. 2014;83(3): 345-50. PMID: 25451808
  • Kalani M, Zabramski J, Nakaji P, Spetzler R. Twenty-year follow-up of flow reversal and revascularization for a giant serpentine basilar artery aneurysm. Neurosurgery. 2014;10 E493-7; discussion E497. PMID: 24871144
  • Kim Y, Zipfel G, Ogilvy C, Pricola K, Welch B, Shakir N, Patel B, Reavey-Cantwell J, Kelman C, Albuquerque F, Kalani M, Hoh B. Preconditioning effect on cerebral vasospasm in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery. 2014;74(4): 351-8; discussion 358-9. PMID: 24378827
  • Mendes G, Zabramski J, Elhadi A, Kalani M, Preul M, Nakaji P, Spetzler R. Carotid endarterectomy: comparison of complications between transverse and longitudinal incision. Neurosurgery. 2014;75(2): 110-6; discussion 116. PMID: 24662506
  • Ramey W, Martirosyan N, Zabramski J, Spetzler R, Kalani M. A hierarchical model for the development of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 2014;126 126-9. PMID: 25243975
  • Rangel-Castilla L, Kalani M, Cronk K, Zabramski J, Russin J, Spetzler R. Vertebral artery transposition for revascularization of the posterior circulation: a critical assessment of temporary and permanent complications and outcomes. Journal of neurosurgery. 2014;122(3): 671-7. PMID: 25397367
  • Cancer and the reemerging role of metabolism. World neurosurgery. 2013;79(3): 410-1. PMID: 23376062
  • Behbahaninia M, Martirosyan N, Georges J, Udovich J, Kalani M, Feuerstein B, Nakaji P, Spetzler R, Preul M. Intraoperative fluorescent imaging of intracranial tumors: a review. Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 2013;115(5): 517-28. PMID: 23523009
  • Fargen K, Mocco J, Neal D, Dewan M, Reavey-Cantwell J, Woo H, Fiorella D, Mokin M, Siddiqui A, Turk A, Turner R, Chaudry I, Kalani M, Albuquerque F, Hoh B. A multicenter study of stent-assisted coiling of cerebral aneurysms with a Y configuration. Neurosurgery. 2013;73(3): 466-72. PMID: 23756744
  • Kalani M, Albuquerque F, Fiorella D, McDougall C. Endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Neuroimaging clinics of North America. 2013;23(4): 605-24. PMID: 24156853
  • Kalani M, Hu Y, Spetzler R. A double-barrel superficial temporal artery-to-superior cerebellar artery (STA-SCA) and STA-to-posterior cerebral artery (STA-PCA) bypass for revascularization of the basilar apex. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 2013;20(6): 887-9. PMID: 23541769
  • Kalani M, Turner J, Nakaji P. Treatment of refractory low-pressure hydrocephalus with an active pumping negative-pressure shunt system. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 2013;20(3): 462-6. PMID: 23380444
  • Kalani M, Zabramski J, Kim L, Chowdhry S, Mendes G, Nakaji P, McDougall C, Albuquerque F, Spetzler R. Long-term follow-up of blister aneurysms of the internal carotid artery. Neurosurgery. 2013;73(6): 1026-33; discussion 1033. PMID: 24056320
  • Kalani M, Zabramski J, Nakaji P, Spetzler R. Bypass and flow reduction for complex basilar and vertebrobasilar junction aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2013;72(5): 763-75; discussion 775-6. PMID: 23334279
  • Kalb S, Perez-Orribo L, Kalani M, Snyder L, Martirosyan N, Burns K, Standerfer R, Kakarla U, Dickman C, Theodore N. The Influence of Common Medical Conditions on the Outcome of Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Clinical spine surgery. 2013;29(7): 285-90. PMID: 23274399
  • Ramey W, Kalani M. New molecular targets for the treatment of medulloblastoma. World neurosurgery. 2013;80(1): 6-7. PMID: 23689126
  • Theodore N, Kalani M, Sonntag V. Occipitocervical fusion. Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics. 2013;12(5): 532-3. PMID: 24053567
  • Theodore N, Kalani M, Sonntag V. Occipitocervical fusion. Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics. 2013;12(5): 532-3. PMID: 24053567
  • Wait S, Kalani M, Little A, Consiglieri G, Ross J, Kucia M, Sonntag V, Theodore N. Prospective observational study of acute postlumbar laminectomy MRI. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 2013;20(1): 41-4. PMID: 24138058
  • Whyte H, Kalani M. Studying obsessive-compulsive disorder using light. World neurosurgery. 2013;81(1): 8. PMID: 24291373
  • The "cookbook" approach to generating cell type of interest: anterior pituitary cells from embryonic stem cells. World neurosurgery. 2012;77(3): 404-6. PMID: 22366367
  • Dickman C, Kalani M. Resolution of cervical syringomyelia after transoral odontoidectomy and occipitocervical fusion in a patient with basilar invagination and Type I Chiari malformation. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 2012;19(12): 1726-8. PMID: 22989794
  • Kalani M, Ducruet A, Crowley R, Spetzler R, McDougall C, Albuquerque F. Transfemoral transarterial onyx embolization of carotid body paragangliomas: technical considerations, results, and strategies for complication avoidance. Neurosurgery. 2012;72(1): 9-15; discussion 15. PMID: 23147783
  • Kalani M, Iyer S, Coons S, Smith K. Spinal intradural teratomas: developmental programs gone awry? Neurosurgical focus. 2012;33(4): E1. PMID: 23025442
  • Kalani M, Kalb S, Martirosyan N, Lettieri S, Spetzler R, Porter R, Feiz-Erfan I. Cerebral revascularization and carotid artery resection at the skull base for treatment of advanced head and neck malignancies. Journal of neurosurgery. 2012;118(3): 637-42. PMID: 23082880
  • Kalani M, Martirosyan N, Eschbacher J, Nakaji P, Albuquerque F, Spetzler R. Large hemangiopericytoma associated with arteriovenous malformations and dural arteriovenous fistulae. World neurosurgery. 2012;76(6): 592.e7-10. PMID: 22251512
  • Kalani M, Martirosyan N, Nakaji P, Spetzler R. Microsurgical clipping of an unruptured lenticulostriate aneurysm. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia. 2012;19(11): 1578-80. PMID: 22925414
  • Kalani M, Zabramski J. Risk for symptomatic hemorrhage of cerebral cavernous malformations during pregnancy. Journal of neurosurgery. 2012;118(1): 50-5. PMID: 23039155
  • Kalani M, Zabramski J, Hu Y, Spetzler R. Extracranial-intracranial bypass and vessel occlusion for the treatment of unclippable giant middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2012;72(3): 428-35; discussion 435-6. PMID: 23208054
  • Martirosyan N, Kalani M. Epidermal electronics. World neurosurgery. 2012;76(6): 485-6. PMID: 22251489
  • Nakaji P, Kalani M. Epigenetics and neurosurgery: editorial marks on the text of life. World neurosurgery. 2012;78(3): 199-200. PMID: 22771932
  • Oppenlander M, Kalani M, Dickman C. Spinal and paraspinal giant cervical cavernous malformation with postpartum presentation. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 2012;16(5): 447-51. PMID: 22360563
  • Behbahaninia M, Ramey W, Sindhwani M, Kalani M. Differential expression of pluripotency factors Sox2 and Oct4 regulate neuronal and mesenchymal lineages. Neurosurgery. 2011;69(4): N19. PMID: 21900806
  • Cavalcanti D, Kalani M, Martirosyan N, Eales J, Spetzler R, Preul M. Cerebral cavernous malformations: from genes to proteins to disease. Journal of neurosurgery. 2011;116(1): 122-32. PMID: 21962164
  • Filippidis A, Fountas K, Kalani M, Zabramski J, Spetzler R. Letter by Filippidis et al regarding article, "Evaluating strategies for the treatment of cerebral cavernous malformations". Stroke. 2011;42(5): e373. PMID: 21393598
  • Filippidis A, Kalani M, Nakaji P, Rekate H. Negative-pressure and low-pressure hydrocephalus: the role of cerebrospinal fluid leaks resulting from surgical approaches to the cranial base. Journal of neurosurgery. 2011;115(5): 1031-7. PMID: 21800965
  • Filippidis A, Kalani M, Rekate H. Hydrocephalus and aquaporins: the role of aquaporin-4. Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement. 2011;113 55-8. PMID: 22116424
  • Kakarla U, Kalani M, Sharma G, Sonntag V, Theodore N. Surgical management of coccidioidomycosis of the spine: clinical article. Journal of neurosurgery. Spine. 2011;15(4): 441-6. PMID: 21740127
  • Kalani M, Ahmed A, Martirosyan N, Cronk K, Moon K, Albuquerque F, McDougall C, Spetzler R, Bristol R. Surgical and endovascular treatment of pediatric spinal arteriovenous malformations. World neurosurgery. 2011;78(3): 348-54. PMID: 22120563
  • Kalani M, Filippidis A, Martirosyan N, Theodore N. Cerebral herniation as a complication of chest tube drainage of cerebrospinal fluid after injury to the spine. World neurosurgery. 2011;79(5): 798.E17-9. PMID: 22120389
  • Kalani M, Filippidis A, Rekate H. Hydrocephalus and aquaporins: the role of aquaporin-1. Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement. 2011;113 51-4. PMID: 22116423
  • Kalani M, Kalani M, Kalb S, Albuquerque F, McDougall C, Nakaji P, Spetzler R, Porter R, Feiz-Erfan I. Craniofacial approaches to large juvenile angiofibromas. Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics. 2011;8(1): 71-8. PMID: 21721892
  • Kalani M, Kalb S, Perez-Orribo L, Porter R. Spinal instrumentation salvage after surgical site infection post long-segment deformity correction. Acta neurochirurgica. 2011;154(2): 325-7. PMID: 22173689
  • Kalani M, Martirosyan N, Little A, Kakarla U, Theodore N. Tumoral calcinosis presenting as a deformity of the thoracic spine. Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics. 2011;8(6): 584-7. PMID: 22132916
  • Kalb S, Martirosyan N, Kalani M, Broc G, Theodore N. Genetics of the degenerated intervertebral disc. World neurosurgery. 2011;77(3): 491-501. PMID: 22120330
  • Kalb S, Martirosyan N, Perez-Orribo L, Kalani M, Theodore N. Analysis of demographics, risk factors, clinical presentation, and surgical treatment modalities for the ossified posterior longitudinal ligament. Neurosurgical focus. 2011;30(3): E11. PMID: 21361749
  • Martirosyan N, Cavalcanti D, Kalani M, Maughan P, Theodore N. Aplasia of the anterior arch of atlas associated with multiple congenital disorders: case report. Neurosurgery. 2011;69(6): E1317-20. PMID: 21712741
  • Yu C, Pan Y, Ma H, Ma T, Zhang J, Song Y, Kalani M, Dai L, Jiang H. Thermoresponsiveness of integrated ultra-thin silicon with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) hydrogels. Macromolecular rapid communications. 2011;32(11): 820-4. PMID: 21509846
  • Filippidis A, Kalani M, Rekate H. Hydrocephalus and aquaporins: lessons learned from the bench. Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. 2010;27(1): 27-33. PMID: 20625739
  • Filippidis A, Kalani M, Theodore N, Rekate H. Spinal cord traction, vascular compromise, hypoxia, and metabolic derangements in the pathophysiology of tethered cord syndrome. Neurosurgical focus. 2010;29(1): E9. PMID: 20594007
  • Kalani M, Filippidis A, Kalani M, Sanai N, Brachman D, McBride H, Shetter A, Smith K. Gamma Knife surgery combined with resection for treatment of a single brain metastasis: preliminary results. Journal of neurosurgery. 2010;113 90-6. PMID: 21121791
  • Sun A, Hou L, Prugpichailers T, Dunkel J, Kalani M, Chen X, Kalani M, Tse V. Firefly luciferase-based dynamic bioluminescence imaging: a noninvasive technique to assess tumor angiogenesis. Neurosurgery. 2010;66(4): 751-7; discussion 757. PMID: 20305496 | PMCID: PMC3632432
  • Turner J, Williamson R, Almefty K, Nakaji P, Porter R, Tse V, Kalani M. The many roles of microRNAs in brain tumor biology. Neurosurgical focus. 2010;28(1): E3. PMID: 20043718
  • Cheshier S, Kalani M, Lim M, Ailles L, Huhn S, Weissman I. A neurosurgeon's guide to stem cells, cancer stem cells, and brain tumor stem cells. Neurosurgery. 2009;65(2): 237-49; discussion 249-50; quiz N6. PMID: 19625901
  • Kalani M, Kalani M, Gwinn R, Keogh B, Tse V. Embryological development of the human insula and its implications for the spread and resection of insular gliomas. Neurosurgical focus. 2009;27(2): E2. PMID: 19645558
  • Mobley B, Kalani M, Harsh G, Edwards M, Vogel H. Papillary tumor of the spinal cord: report of 2 cases. The American journal of surgical pathology. 2009;33(8): 1191-7. PMID: 19417584
  • Cheshier S, Kalani M, Pendakaur A, Higgins D, Kahn D, Shendel S, Shuer L. Two-year-old girl with cervicomedullary junction stenosis and an unknown type of skeletal dysplasia. Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics. 2008;2(3): 200-2. PMID: 18759602
  • Kalani M, Cheshier S, Cord B, Bababeygy S, Vogel H, Weissman I, Palmer T, Nusse R. Wnt-mediated self-renewal of neural stem/progenitor cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2008;105(44): 16970-5. PMID: 18957545 | PMCID: PMC2575225
  • Lad E, Cheshier S, Kalani M. Wnt-signaling in retinal development and disease. Stem cells and development. 2008;18(1): 7-16. PMID: 18690791
  • Lee M, Kalani M, Cheshier S, Gibbs I, Adler J, Chang S. Radiation therapy and CyberKnife radiosurgery in the management of craniopharyngiomas. Neurosurgical focus. 2008;24(5): E4. PMID: 18447743
  • Nusse R, Fuerer C, Ching W, Harnish K, Logan C, Zeng A, ten Berge D, Kalani Y. Wnt signaling and stem cell control. Cold Spring Harbor symposia on quantitative biology. 2008;73 59-66. PMID: 19028988
  • Soltys S, Kalani M, Cheshier S, Szabo K, Lo A, Chang S. Stereotactic radiosurgery for a cardiac sarcoma: a case report. Technology in cancer research & treatment. 2008;7(5): 363-8. PMID: 18783285
  • Szabo K, Cheshier S, Kalani M, Kim J, Guzman R. Supraorbital approach for repair of open anterior skull base fracture. Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics. 2008;2(6): 420-3. PMID: 19035689
  • Veeravagu A, Bababeygy S, Kalani M, Hou L, Tse V. The cancer stem cell-vascular niche complex in brain tumor formation. Stem cells and development. 2008;17(5): 859-67. PMID: 18429673
  • Jang S, Goddard W, Kalani M. Mechanical and transport properties of the poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(acrylic acid) double network hydrogel from molecular dynamic simulations. The journal of physical chemistry. B. 2007;111(7): 1729-37. PMID: 17249716
  • Polevaya N, Kalani M, Steinberg G, Tse V. The transition from hunterian ligation to intracranial aneurysm clips: a historical perspective. Neurosurgical focus. 2006;20(6): E3. PMID: 16819811
  • Black K, Leach A, Kalani M, Houk K. Antibody-catalyzed oxy-cope rearrangement: mechanism and origins of catalysis and stereoselectivity from DFT quantum mechanics and flexible docking. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2004;126(31): 9695-708. PMID: 15291573
  • Freddolino P, Kalani M, Vaidehi N, Floriano W, Hall S, Trabanino R, Kam V, Goddard W. Predicted 3D structure for the human beta 2 adrenergic receptor and its binding site for agonists and antagonists. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2004;101(9): 2736-41. PMID: 14981238 | PMCID: PMC365690
  • Kalani M, Vaidehi N, Hall S, Trabanino R, Freddolino P, Kalani M, Floriano W, Kam V, Goddard W. The predicted 3D structure of the human D2 dopamine receptor and the binding site and binding affinities for agonists and antagonists. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2004;101(11): 3815-20. PMID: 14999101 | PMCID: PMC374327
  • Khaledy M, Kalani M, Khuong K, Houk K, Aviyente V, Neier R, Soldermann N, Velker J. Origins of boat or chair preferences in the Ireland-Claisen rearrangements of cyclohexenyl esters: a theoretical study. The Journal of organic chemistry. 2003;68(2): 572-7. PMID: 12530884