- BA, Northwestern University
- PhD, Brandeis University
- Professor, Biology
- Phone: 434-982-5608
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.virginia.edu/biology/faculty/hirsh.htm
Molecular genetics; development and function of neurotransmitter-synthesizing neurons in Drosophila
My laboratory is using the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, as a model system for studying the molecular genetics of responsiveness to cocaine and other drugs of abuse. We have shown that exposure to aerosolized free base cocaine induces multiple reflexive motor responses that resemble cocaine induced behaviors in vertebrates, and also resemble dopamine agonist induced behaviors previously observed in decapitated flies (Yellman et al, 1997). Furthermore, Drosophila develop behavioral sensitization to intermittent doses of cocaine. Sensitization has been linked to the addictive processes in vertebrates, and it is of great interest to understand the basic mechanisms leading to sensitization in a simple model system. Our results suggest that the pathways leading to cocaine induced responses are evolutionarily conserved between Drosophila and higher vertebrates, and that this genetically tractable animal can be used as a new model system to help determine the biological mechanisms underlying these processes.
Recent studies are uncovering some unexpected gene products and small molecules involved in sensitization in flies. We have found that regulated production of the trace amine tyramine is essential for the development of sensitization (McClung & Hirsh, 1999). In addition, we have found that a subset of genes essential for fly circadian functions are required for sensitization (Andretic et al, 1999). Given the conservation of structure and function of these circadian genes in animals from flies to higher vertebrates, there is a strong likelihood of conserved functions for these genes in modulating drug responses across evolution. Ongoing studies are aimed at further elucidating the mechanisms and genes involved in modulating sensitization and drug responsiveness.
PLEASE NOTE: Funded Postdoctoral position available to work on the above studies. Contact Jay for further information.
- Vinayak P, Coupar J, Hughes S, Fozdar P, Kilby J, Garren E, Yoshii T, Hirsh J. Exquisite light sensitivity of Drosophila melanogaster cryptochrome. PLoS genetics. 2013;9(7): e1003615. PMID: 23874218 | PMCID: PMC3715431
- Kaun K, Azanchi R, Maung Z, Hirsh J, Heberlein U. A Drosophila model for alcohol reward. Nature neuroscience. 2011;14(5): 612-9. PMID: 21499254 | PMCID: NIHMS280994
- Hirsh J, Riemensperger T, Coulom H, Iché M, Coupar J, Birman S. Roles of dopamine in circadian rhythmicity and extreme light sensitivity of circadian entrainment. Current biology : CB. 2010;20(3): 209-14. PMID: 20096587 | PMCID: PMC2811851
- Kong E, Woo K, Li H, Lebestky T, Mayer N, Sniffen M, Heberlein U, Bainton R, Hirsh J, Wolf F. A pair of dopamine neurons target the D1-like dopamine receptor DopR in the central complex to promote ethanol-stimulated locomotion in Drosophila. PloS one. 2010;5(4): e9954. PMID: 20376353 | PMCID: PMC2848596
- Zhao Y, Bretz C, Hawksworth S, Hirsh J, Johnson E. Corazonin neurons function in sexually dimorphic circuitry that shape behavioral responses to stress in Drosophila. PloS one. 2010;5(2): e9141. PMID: 20161767 | PMCID: PMC2818717
- Claridge-Chang A, Roorda R, Vrontou E, Sjulson L, Li H, Hirsh J, Miesenböck G. Writing memories with light-addressable reinforcement circuitry. Cell. 2009;139(2): 405-15. PMID: 19837039 | PMCID: NIHMS144154